These were basically training methods, to develop solutions to ground fighting training and grappling whether armed with a knife or bare hands to develop stamina and endurance among soldiers or practitioners.
While not expecting to hold someone in an arm bar in the middle of a war or throwing someone to the ground and expecting him to die while he is fully armored, these techniques were used to set up solutions to a threatening grappling scenario, redirecting the initial force of push or pull, and facilitate a weapon draw such as knife or sword, and finish the opponent while still in shock from the fall.
The reason why every angle and possibility of throwing and restraining was developed was to exhaust all the possibilities of training on the mat, creating challenging matches that became a sport.
However, In Krav Maga the approach is completely different. Taking into account the time constraint, and that the training method is intended to be used for anyone, before any fitness skills, or stamina or endurance are even considered, students are taught the escape methods from static scenarios that begin upon the initial force of push or pull.
Escapes from restraining attempts, from choking attempts, arm bar attempts etc. are taught. They also learn methods of breakfalling and rollovers to any direction as well.
Then they learn how to manipulate the opponent’s pressure points from a close distance by a thumb shove to the eye, a pluck of the wind pipe, a squeeze of the testicles or a poke of nerves in the neck or other areas of the human body and they learn to apply leverage to the neck to dislocate the spinal chord.
As a general rule, in any position that your body might be toward your opponent’s body, you will always have a reach to a pressure point in the head neck area or in the groin area.
Controlling Opponent on the Ground Side Approach Video Clip!
In grappling scenarios, gross punching or kicking or even kneeing, becomes difficult to execute, difficult to defend, and less effective in force.
The reason lies in two elements. First is the reaction time, and the second is the limiting and tight space to accelerate to full force. However Kicks, knee Kicks or Hand Strikes are still possible a split second prior to tight grappling scenarios and in various maneuvers immediately after release from tight grips.
The reaction time dictates that in order to affect your opponent’s motion or pressure points in a short distance, you need to first establish physical contact, and then apply pressure to the pressure point or maneuver their whole body to throw them off balance and preferably cause them to injure themselves by taking a bad fall.
Also in that close of a range, whoever throws his hand fast toward the opponent’s pressure point without hesitation without projecting his strike has the greater advantage.
Since it takes the same time for both defender and opponent to strike or block, because it is about the same distance to cover, there is no time left for the defender to recognize the attack coming and also block it.
You need an extra fraction of a second to recognize the danger and another fraction of a second to execute a defense. It was tried many times with varieties of people that have undergone intensive reaction improvement training and were well experienced wrestlers and boxers and other martial artists, and the point was proven over and over.
The opportunity to redirect the movement of the opponent's force is given for the same reason of reaction time. Before the defender gets either thrown to the ground or has his windpipe choked or plucked or has his shirt or arm or leg grabbed and pulled on, he has time to redirect the opponent’s force.
Once redirected, the opponent needs to redirect his force again to succeed.
The idea in Krav Maga is not to leave anything for chance, and wait to see who will get tired of redirecting their force, but instead redirect the force to a reasonable tactical position that facilitate ability to injure their opponent with a strike, or pull to the groin, finger shove to the eye, throat pluck or neck break.
While the wrestler spends years on exploring any possible way to move from one arm to another using the forces of push and pull, the Krav Maga student spend few hours on learning few escapes, breakfalling and rollovers only, and then few hours of free ground sparring where one training partner is attempting anything goes, and the other responding to it with increasing severity according to the need.
The idea when you fall, to fall quicker than it was intended and on your way to the ground get a hold on your opponent’s testicles, or create leverage on their neck, re-position their bodies to land on them if possible, or escape a split second later while striking to a strategically placed pressure point in the head /neck area or the groin.
Sure Wrestling and Jujitsu training methods develop better athletes than Krav Maga training method. This is why Krav Maga is not a sport. However Krav Maga can reach the same level of complexity training in a short cut training methods that gives the students more of a rich self defense training scenarios.
While all humans have a built in fight or flight mode which may give their bodies extra kick, they might get a good chance of survival if trained to respond instinctively appropriately.
There is nothing that should stop Krav Maga schools form building Krav Maga Athletes by extending the fighting training to fitness based Wrestling Type difficulty.
However, I would not call it Krav Maga School, if the opportunity to quickly learn self defense before the athletic capabilities are explored is there. Judo is Jujitsu where the lethal elements were extracted to provide a good physical sport. Brazilian Jujitsu (BJJ) is in fact the Judo taught to them by Japanese Judoka. They say there is no word for Judo in Brazil.
Both systems have takedowns sweeps and throws, and both can win on the ground via submission (choke, arm lock) or hold down.
Varying perceptions of making Judo more self defense appealing contribute to various training methods and competition styles.
While Judokas spend 90 percent of their time on throws and takedowns where a perfect takedown can score a victory, BJJ spend ninety percent of their training on the ground as throws and takedowns are secondary and scored as such. The ultimate goal of BJJ is submission.
While the average of a Judo Match runs up to five minutes with the majority of the time spend standing up, the average BJJ match runs up to ten minutes with the majority of the time spent on the ground.
In Judo, when a fight goes to the ground, fighters are given very little time to work a hold down or submission if there is no immediate progression and are quickly brought back to the standing position. There are also penalties in Judo for inactivity.
Judo matches tend to be shorter and fast paced, while BJJ matches tend to be slower pace to give the fighter time to gain position on the ground, to gain control and eventually gain submissions. Extended matches can cause a slower pace in attempt to conserve energy.
Judo throws and techniques have Japanese origins and names. For example, the fireman’s carry (a common wrestling takedown) is known as ‘kata-guruma’ in Judo. Another common wrestling takedown – the double leg takedown – is known as ‘morote-gari’ in Judo. The rear naked choke is known as ‘hadaka jime.’
BJJ, on the other hand, has exotic and descriptive names that roll off the tongue and pique the imagination. For example, ‘peruvian neck tie,’ ‘omoplata,’ ‘nonoplata,’ ‘gogoplata’ and more. Other techniques have been anglicized and named so that the average person can easily visualize them, even those with no martial arts background.
For example, the ‘guillotine choke,’ ‘clock choke,’ ‘collar choke,’ ‘spin around armbar,’ ‘guard to arm lock no gi.’ These terms, for lack of a better term, just sound cool.
Judoka begin at white belt and from there, progress to yellow, orange, green, blue, brown and eventually black belt. At each level, students are required to know a certain number of throws, hold downs, chokes, and arm locks to advance.
For black belt, it is necessary to perform ‘kata’ which are also known as forms. Prior to being eligible for a black belt and performing ‘kata,’ a Judoka must first compete and accumulate a certain amount of points by entering tournaments and winning fights.
Depending on how they win and the rank of the person, they are awarded points. The process is very formal. An enthusiastic Judoka that practices 3-4 times per week and that competes should be able to attain their first degree black belt within four to five years.
BJJ also uses the Judo belt grading system, but that is where the similarity ends. BJJ practitioners start as white belts and progress to blue, purple, brown and black belt.
After attaining each belt, stripes may also be awarded to signify progress and levels of competence. Rather than forms, belt grading are informal and conservative in nature: belts are awarded at the instructor’s discretion and seem to be heavily influenced by attendance, progress and time spent on the mat.
That said, a BJJ practitioner may remain at the same belt level for years at a time. An enthusiastic and avid BJJ practitioner should be able to attain their black belt within eight to nine years.
Judo Clubs are run as non-profit and can often be found in community center’s and/or rented out spaces. It’s rare to find a Judo Club as a standalone storefront/entity. Unlike Judo, BJJ is for profit and charges accordingly.
It is obvious that any fitness experience that you gain with a close interaction manipulating another human body pressure points and leverage articles is not doubt a contributing factor to one’s fitness ability to perform in a “fight”.
It appears that if double the time is given, the average BJJ “fighter” would have much more advantage on the average Judo “fighter” in agreed upon sports match.
Good Marketing contributes to a popularity of BJJ more than the Judo, trying to make BJJ more appealing for Self Defense, and a Sport together, and having a good marketing campaign as opposed to the Not for Profit Judo Tradition. Probably for the masses of the clientele that BJJ appeals to the marketing appeal works.
Overall for the above average individuals, that are familiar with the basic logic of mathematics, while both training systems get great training and fitness and develop many things as endurance, persistence, strength, courage, none of them is a good self defense training system since none of them spends enough time of training on the basic applications of defending an average attacker armed with a knife and knows how to use it, or an attacker with boxing experience, or with kicking experience.
While systematically both methods deal with controlling an opponent standing and on the floor, none of them consider an opponent that acts with a mindset of its own that does not belong to the mat.
If they would open their eyes and try to see how would they compare with other fighting methods, or training methods for fighting that put ninety percent on striking to the face, or ninety percent of stabbing with a knife, instead of saying that this is all we know, and we can catch you and close the distance if you try to punch (which is a good defense too) and if we lunge our bodies at your body in a great speed the momentum will stop your repeating attacks.
But what if you have a small blade? What if you try to tear someone’s throat, or eye. One should ask himself if he spend five years in Judo and another fine in BJJ (hoping to get credit for the other five so he would not have to wait 10) and a year or two in Boxing, a year in some Karate, and a year or two in Arnis/Kali would he still get a good defensive capabilities? What if someone spent 10 years in dancing career would he have equivalent fitness?
You can admire Instructors and Champions of your school, and follow them but it may take you 10 years to get to where they are, and you may never get there.
In the meantime your Self Defense Capabilities are bits of fitness and control techniques without seeing the whole picture, and if you are trying to solve a puzzle over 10 years, pieces of the puzzle may get lost.
If you can clearly see a master of a sports system trying to give you an answer of how to defend against a knife by applying his sports techniques you can tell he is hands on learned professional in his own sport, but have no clue about what else is out there.
For Self Defense study Krav Maga, but again you can try to apply all the arguments aforementioned in searching for a reputable and verifiable Krav Maga School.
What does Krav Maga teach when it comes to grappling and ground work? Krav Maga teaches you first to try and stop an opponent with a devastating blow to the center of his body or a vital pressure point in motion as the opponent is approaching trying to grab.
But if that failed for some reason, you also learn how to manipulate another human body with the forces of changing direction abruptly by pushing and pulling. In addition you learn various Common Street and wrestling and Judo Holds and Leverages and learn how to get out of them standing and on the ground.
Since the principle is that there is always a vital pressure point available in any type of a hold unless your hands and legs are tied up completely and your mouth is taped as well, you learn the principles of leveraging your body and arms according to where your opponent’s body weight is present, and the mechanics of applying force in the weakest point on any leverage that well be attempted to be applied on you, and strike, tear, shove your fingers to an available pressure point.
An attacker that tries to lift or lunge at a trained Krav Maga student might find himself with a broken neck torn windpipe injured eye, or squeezed testicles while still in the action of throwing.
Finally, the idea in Krav Maga is to teach students Principles over Techniques.
Instructors ensure that all principles are applied to each technique ensuring sequential execution to promote maximum efficiency and effectiveness. Students learn to think and prioritize and apply techniques and principles and training methods back and forth until they are able to respond intuitively to any type of Hand to Hand Fighting Attack and prevail.
Pure Krav Maga does not incorporate ground fighting as Judo, Wrestling and BJJ. You learn static release form major Judo and Jujitsu holds and chokes with a modified leverage, but then you go for a soft pressure point within reach in the head of groin areas.
Then you practice various grappling games but never to control the opponent but instead escape and strike or poke a soft pressure point. You learn the principles to escape restraining and choking techniques grouped into common components instead!
Limited amount of Martial Arts techniques exist in Pure Krav Maga in their original forms. They are limited but sufficient to provide training against that specific martial art all possible differentiated scenarios so these techniques are not Krav Maga Techniques but rather Krav Maga Training Aides. Also whenever I bring up fighting sports obviously they are sports, but they are useful to analyse principles of Krav Maga and draw conclusions from the good ones and bad ones. If someone gets disqualified, he must have used Krav mMga principle as Krav Maga is no rules.
While many branches of Bujutsu, Aiki Jujitsu such as Aikido Jujitsu, and Judo, and the other weapons training systems which turned into partial national traditional sports have a chapter called self defense and deals with various bullying attacks, and weapon attacks,
What Pure Krav Maga did was reviewing them as part of the process of top down design hand to hand combat training system for the Israel Defense Forces.