Some methods of attack and defense might look obvious to some people and not so obvious to other.
However, often we are faced with the question, how to attack or how to deflect or avoid getting attacked.
Bottom line is reaching the opponent’s pressure point first, causing sufficient stopping force starting with mere distraction, to a complete knock out and following up on time if we need to.
While even the skin is a pressure point, if it can use to distract us, we normally look for attacking for more major available pressure points in the head and neck area or the groin, pelvis area.
Major considerations in choosing the methods of attack, are what are we gaining from it and do we have a complete plan to end the confrontation after the first attack.
The idea of use of pressure point is to cause sufficient distraction through the application of force or on nerves in the human body directly or indirectly, causing them to signal varieties of distracting sensations pain, injury and death.
In the sport of boxing, which allows gloved punching to the front and sides of the upper body, the jab is used for distraction and the cross is used for the finishing force. This tactical principle is further put into action with use of series of distracting punches to the body with a finishing strike to the head.
In many full contact Karate sports, a low kick to the thigh or calf is used to inflict distracting pain followed up with a kick or strike to the head once the opponent is preoccupied with the distraction.
Feints in boxing could be applied to kicking and knife attacks. The idea is to make someone think he is getting one punch preparing to deflect it or avoid it, and then bringing him to a convenient position to get another attack.
While the force required for distraction is not an accurate science, and some people are less sensitive than others, we better use common sense to determine how to preserve our lives. Wild attacks with bare hands, entail either projection in the attempt to generate too much force, or too weak in an attempt to lunge an un-projected attack.
The game is quite different when we have a sharp weapon where we do not need a lot of force, and in fact any contact buy pushing can cause stabbing, and pulling can cause cutting or tearing. Let not forget this when we fight with bare hands, because unless we are grabbing the throat or testicles pulling, we are wasting our times trying to use low speed impact motions with our arms and bodies.
So if we keep calm we can train to recognize the most efficient reach into the hot zone that an attacker can bring with his front side whether empty hands, empty hands knife, or stick and start our tested tactical response as he crosses the barrier of our territory.
Feints of any sort bare hands or sharp weapon should be confronted with stopping any possibility an attacker may have to distract us with the part of his body that enters the hot zone first: His kick, free hand slap, or attempt to grab, or the knife holding hand.
In some situations, attackers can use our social culture, to attack us when they are already in the hot zone – tricky surprise. All we can do is constantly be aware and assess the safety of our social environment, and learn to identify our strength and weaknesses in that range.
Choosing the method of attack or defense whether linear circular or wild, are called for by an attacker’s assessment of his probability to feint, to generate sufficient force, and to avoid injury for himself.
Finally, the distance and positioning of our bodies at the time of attack coupled with the chain of defense principle determine if the attack will be linear or circular. If we are close for example our arms initial positioning will facilitate closer reach to the sides of our opponents' bodies. Our legs could provide easier reach to our attacker's lower extremities.
On that note, in fact even linear attack start with sort of a circular twist to re-position our punches or kick in the center en-route to the target!