12/12/18

The Original Civilian Krav Maga Syllabus of Immi Lichtenfeld / Boaz Aviram
























A day worth of Krav Maga Training Watered Down to a Year!
The Civilian Association Yellow Belt Curriculum which amounted to a list of Techniques to be covered over a period of continuous of twice a week an hour of training for 4 months was covered in the Israel Defense Forces in One Day of Training. 


Although one may argue that one day cannot be that thorough, the fact is that the original IDF Krav Maga Curriculum was the original and it was converted to a watered down five years training method. From a 21 hour military curriculum that could be rehearsed and evaluated over three weeks teaching straight, precise good habits from the inception. 

While the Military Instructor had one hour to teach straight hand strikes which amounted to lining up a group of 20 soldiers, executing specific warm up drill and drilling the punching in a 4 step intensive training methods 10 times each step or combination of steps, and having at least half an hour to pay attention to teach of the 20 soldiers in the class who is still having a problem of executing efficient drop or cross punches with sufficient Knockout force without projection keeping the element of surprise working. 

All that while the Civilian Instructor would struggle with a mixture of kids, adults and new additions to the class with a single demonstration with the expectation of students will learn by observation and practice and somewhere along the 4 months before they are tested to the next belt, they would be somewhat corrected. 

The truth is that after few generations of civilian instructors black belts instructors did not know the ingredients of a knock out punch themselves...

KRAV MAGA by IMMI LICHTENFELD [translated and commentary by Boaz Aviram, the Third in Lineage Israel Defense Forces Krav Maga Chief Instructor]

Yellow Belt
Introduction:
1. Explain to the students what is Krav Maga, and what is Self Defense: "Krav Maga is made out of two: a. Self Defense. b. Hand-to-hand-combat;In Self Defense we distinguish in a certain way of defense which includes defense vs. punches, kicks, sticks(short stick and long stick)knife, bayonet, and escapes from various holds, escapes from chokes and body holds. The self defense we classify between the white and blue belts;Hand-to-hand combat: here we conduct fist sparring, kick sparring, knife sparring, various attack and various artistic drills. Hand-to-hand combat includes the owners of black and brown belts.

2. Safety in Training which must be strictly followed during the lesson:
a. Every student must have a medical exam(a doctor's form).
b. The area of training, the tatami must be clean and without clutter.
c. Fingernails-every student must cut his/hers fingernails in his hands and feet.
d. Jewelry must be removed.
e. Dress code not torn. The belt is tied where the knot appears in the middle.
f. Warm Up is done in an easy way for not pulling a muscle.(After illness there is a need to train lightly without exertion).
g. Warm Up must be specific to the lesson plan (for example: if the plan is drilling kicks, the emphasis of the warm up is leg stretching etc.)
h. Breakfalls for beginner in an outward direction to the tatami where the face in the direction of the center of the tatami and the back is pointed outward.
i. Rollovers all in the same direction.
j. Floating rollovers must be taught in the following order:
1. Without an obstacle.
2. With a stripe on the ground.
3. Some object on the ground in a short height.
4. Medicine Ball
5. The float is done in a short distance.
6. The float is done only after the rollover technique is mastered.
k. When throwing a students, one must look in the direction of the throw.
l. It is forbidden to touch a person lying on his back which his legs above(danger of cervical spine break).
m. One must immediately release from chokes and body holds and any sort of pain when the training partner taps.
n. Standing Position: Explain the student how he must execute his Standing Position(Outlet Stance)which will suit anyone that is executing self defense and will be executed in the most comfortable way.

BREAKFALLS
a. Regular backward breakfall.
b. Breakfall to the right side and to the left side.
c. Regular breakfall to the front.

ROLLOVERS
1. Regular Forward Rollover: On the right side.
2. Backwards roll over on the left shoulder.
FOOTWORK
HAND STRIKES
Punches
Explain to the students how to close a fist.
1. Straight Punch Forward with the Right hand.
2. Straight Punch Forward with the Left hand.
3. Straight Punches Forward with the left and right.
4. Left Punch with advance.
5. Left Punch with retreat.
6. Left Right Punches with advance.
7. Left Low (Straight Body Punch)Attack Punch.
8. Left Low (Straight Body Punch)Defensive Punch.
9. Typographical error where line 8 is repeated.
10. Right Low(Straight Body Punch)Defensive Punch.
(The strikes from 7-10 are drilled with training partners.)
11. Short straight Punches.

Hooks
1. Right Low Hook Punch.
2. Typographical error repeat of above line.
3. Left Lower Hook Punch.
4. Right Lower Hook Punch
5. Right Lower and Upper Hook Punches (Switching Combination).
6. Left Lower and Upper Hook Punches(Switching Combination).

Elbow Strikes:
1. Right Forward Elbow Strike.
2. Left Forward Elbow Strike.
3. Right Elbow to the Right Side.
4. Right Hand Upward Elbow(Uppercut).
5. Right Hand Downward Elbow(Hammer Strike).
6. Right Hand Backward Elbow.
7. Forward Elbow (Against a Group of Multiple Opponents)Right Hand Elbow forward, and Left Punch Forward same time Combination).
(All of the Above Strikes Are also drilled with the left hand.)

Knife hand Strikes:
Explain how we must strengthen the part of the hand that is taking the impact.
1. Horizontal Outward Diagonally to the right Knife hand Strike.
2. Horizontal Forward Knife Hand Strike.
3. Horizontal Inward and Diagonally to the Right Knife Hand Strike.
4. Horizontal Inward Forward Knife Hand Strike.
5. Horizontal Inward and Diagonally to the left Knife Hand Strike.

Uppercut Punch,Palm Strike,Hammer Fist Punch:

There are various strikes where one must pay attention of the palm.
1. Hook Punch with the middle joint (knuckle) of the middle finger-Clenching a fist and protruding the middle knuckle of the middle finger.
2. A hook with the Thumb Knuckle.
3. Forward Finger Jab - The Index Finger is protruding forward while the rest of the fingers are bent.
4. Forward Fingers Jab(All the fingers are attached with open palm).

KICKS
1. Forward Regular Attack Kick Downward(Forward to the center body).
2. Forward Regular Kick combined with a Hammer Fist Punch Combination.

STRIKES[Typographical error meant Blocks or Defenses].
1. Self Practice of 360 Defense.
2. Practice 360 With Training Partners.

ESCAPE FROM HAND GRABS:
1. Escape from Hand Grab (Left hand Grabs Right Hand.
2. Escape for both hands grab (There are two methods).

ESCAPE FROM FRONT CHOKE:
Explain to the student in a top down order the various possibilities of escaping a choke. The top-down order is given to ease the learning process and during a fight there is no need in any order.


ORANGE BELT
[Missing Pages 6 &7]
Outside Defenses:
Outside Defense No. 1:
Outside Defense No. 2: Same Defense as No. 1 but here the left hand is not making half a turn.
Outside Defense No. 3:
Left Hand from the height of the belt is waved upward and outward horizontally , where the palm is clenched into a fist and is faced into the body. At the same time the right hand is executing a straight punch.[This is the basic defense vs. club into the live side/center body].
Outside Defense No. 4: The same Defense Like in No. 3, only the direction of the palm closed to a fist, is pointed downward.
Outside Defense No. 5: Left hand from the height of the belt is executing an outward defensive knife hand strike plus straight punch with the right hand.

Outside Defense No. 6: Left hand is lifted above the head perpendicularly and at the same time the right hand is executing a straight punch forward.
Kicks
1. Regular Kick Upwards(probably to the chin)
2. Heel Kick to the chest and chin(Heart Stomp Kick)
3. Defensive kick with the foot, or heal or ball of the foot.[ This is an example of the use of anatomical nomenclature for classification which has not purpose but points out various possibilities of kicking without pointing out each kick's specific purpose. The idea of defensive kick was the you extend your foot like a heart stomp kick to stop the attacker who is lunging at you. The idea was to aim to the center body. However, it is not really feasible. The best option is to either execute a defensive kick to the opponent's kicking limb, or to his hip if he is punching or kicking where the foot is always at 45 degree angle to ensure it does not slip of the limb. A side kick to the opponent's side of the ankle is done if he is side kicking and you are defensively side kicking!].
4. Knife Kick to the right side[Side Kick].
5. Knife Kick to the Left Side[Side Kick].
6. Knife Kick to the Front with the right foot and the left [Side Kick].
7. Knife Kick with advance and retreat to all the directions with the left and the right.
[Note about side kicks: Eli Avikzar had revised Immi Lichtenfeld's curriculum to eliminate completely the use of the knife side of the foot. His claim was that although you create a smaller space of impact which can penetrate in various areas, if you always kick with the heel, you ensure you minimize your injuries at the ankles. Therefore from that time, only side kicks with the heels were practiced. As for side kick to the front, it is only possible to do in efficient mode to the knees for blocking purposes only . Also a side kick can be executed forward immediately after the left punch with the left foot if the opponent retreats, because the body is turned sidewise to the facing to the right, and therefore you can cross behind which the right foot and kick forward side kick with the left foot].
8. Round House Kick to the back.[Horizontal Axe Kick; It does not mention full turn].
9. Regular Kick Backward with advance. [Perpendicular Upward Axe Kick backwards]
10. Defensive Kick Backward with advance.(Horse Kick)

ESCAPES FROM HOLDS:
1. Escape from Body Hold from the Front(The arms of the defender are free). [Front Bear Hug Escape].
a. Hair Pulling, there are two methods
b. Shoving the thumbs to the eyes and pushing the opponent backwards.
c. Catching the nose with both hands (on the nose's bridge) and pushing the opponent backwards.
d. Palm Strike to the nose.
e. Bite (on the neck or any other place in the body).
f. A hook punch with the middle finger middle knuckle to the temple.
g. A knife hand strike to the kidneys with one hand or both. [ I have extracted out the two hand option out of the Pure Krav Maga Curriculum, to ensure that any technique one learns is successful against a resisting opponent, not a standing student. Usually when someone grabs your body he would take you out of balance, and so you need your other hand to keep balance while you are striking.].
h. A Knee Kick to the Groin. [ It was added in the IDF to grab the shoulder blades and pull the attacker down. I've explained the purpose of taking him out of balance. If you do not take your opponent out of balance in close range kicking, if he moves his body backward, you cannot knee him as you end up taken off balance yourself.
(During a fight there is no importance to the order of the activity listed above. This needs to be stressed to the students).
2. Escape from a front body hold(the defender's hands are caught):
a. Bite
b. Spiral one leg behind the attacker's leg and pull of the hand quickly.
c. Lifting a knee.
[When your arms are caught with a front body hold, to updated technique by Eli Avikzar was to slap the groin, grab the shoulder blade and knee the groin].
4. Escape from Boyd Hold from the back (The defender's arms are free):
a. Bending the body forward and grabbing the attacker's wrists (while the body's weight is forward).
Heel Kick Backwards to the Shin Bone. Escape with leverage on one of the wrists with grabbing the fingers and breaking them.
5. Escape From the Back (The defender's hands are free):
a. Head-butt to the back to the attacker's head.
b. A strike or a push to the attacker's testicles (with the hands) plus elbow strike backwards and upwards.
c. Kick with the heel backwards, to the shin bone.
6. Escape from a body hold from the back with lifting(Defender's arms are free).
a. Catching the attacker's foot with your own foot [spiral your leg around the attacker's leg with your knee locked].
b. Push or strike to the testicles with your hands. Release your hand and elbow the head. [ That is not possible if someone lift you when catching your body with your arms attached. If you execute step a. and the attacker lifted you up, you will kick him in the groin with your free leg with your heel and then land when he drops you, while the leg that is twisted around his leg is preventing him from tilting you and throwing you ].
[It does not mention Body Hold from the Front (Defender's Arms are Free and the Attacker is lifting you off the ground. The defense would be leverage on the head same as the hair pulling description which is basically describing creating leverage on the neck.]

Boxing footwork; Shadow Boxing

POLICEMAN CARRYING[Body Restraining and Leads/Carrying]
1. Leading from the side with leverage.
2. With the forearm and sleeve leading from the back.
3. With the forearm and the sleeve leading from the front.
4. Leading from the side while bending the wrist.

ROLLOVERS:
1. Floating Forward Rollover.
2. Left Forward Rollover.
3. Backward Rollover on the Right Shoulder.
4. Backward Rollover on the Left Shoulder.
5. Judo Rollover (Left and Right).


GREEN BELT

WRIST LEVERAGE (Cavalier).
1. Creating leverage on the wrist with the help of the thumbs. Pulling into the body and taking down.
2. With catching the fist in the palm.
3. With the help of the forearm.
All three grabs we execute once close to the attacker's body and once close to our own bodies.

ESCAPE FROM NECK HOLD (choke with the forearm.)
1. Escape from a neck hold from the side.
2. Escape from a neck hold from the back.
3. Escape from a Sentry Removal from the Back (grabbing the forearm and forward and downward strong bend.)

ESCAPE FROM A SHIRT GRAB.
1. Escape from a one handed shirt grab.
a. Turning of the hand inwards.
b. Turning of the hand outwards.
2. Escape from a one handed shirt grab using leverage.
a. Turning of the hand inward with leverage.
b. Turning of the hand outward with leverage.
c. Pressing on the thumb with the palm.
3. Escape from One handed or Two handed Shirt Grab.
a. With the turn of the wrist of one of the hands and creating leverage on the wrist
b. The same drill with the help of a leg throw.
c. Grabbing one of the palms with both hands, and creating leverage on the palm[wrist] (cavalier with the body).

ESCAPE FROM POLICEMAN LEAD/CARRY.
1. Escape from Policeman Hold No. 1 with leverage.
2. Escape from Policeman Hold No. 2 (before the turn).
3. Escape from Policeman Hold No. 3 and 2 behind with hair grab (for policeman holds according to their respective number see Yellow Belt. [looks like an error meant Orange Belt].

ESCAPE FROM NELSON HOLD.
1. Strike to the temples with both hands backward ( with the middle finger middle knuckle or with the thumb knuckle) and lifting the attacker and forward fall.
2. Side Tilt inserting a leg behind the attacker and falling backwards with the attacker.
[Eli Avikzar told his student to relax their bodies and make themselves heavy so the attacker could not apply pressure on the cervical spine. If the attacker did not let go with frustration that he is not doing anything for a relaxed sitting opponent, the defender would execute a Judo shin throw. The other option taught was Immi's knucke strikes to the temples and forward roll].

ESCAPE FROM A FRONT HAIR GRAB.
1. With leverage on the arm of the hand that is grabbing.
2. With grabbing the grabbing hand with both palms and taking down to the ground forward plus a forward kick.[ The kick is possible if you only pull with backwards step to take out of balance. If you keep moving backwards and take the opponent down, you have no target for a forward kick.]

ESCAPE FROM BOTH HANDS GRABBING FROM THE BACK (there are two methods).

DEFENSES VS. KICKS
1. Outside defense downwards against kicks combined with attacking with a punch.
2. Inside Instinctive defense against kicks downwards (the defense is with the left hand and the attack is with the right hand, where the left hand after the defense is being lifted up to a vertical state to defend against the straight punch).
3. Inside defense downwards instinctive vs. kick downwards combined with side step and kick with the right leg.[That seems against Krav Maga Principles to keep moving forward and finish the opponent, but might be possible in certain scenarios].
4. Defense vs. Kick with stopping with the foot (Timing) [Simply defensive kick at forty-five degree foot angle].
a. Stopping the foot leg with the foot.
b. Stopping with the side of the foot (knife hand)[There is few problems with this sentence: whoever put this curriculum in Hebrew elaborated to errors on Immi's intentions. The other problem it makes you think if Immi was thinking of a side kick with the knife side of the foot before Eli Avikzar persuaded him to move to a heel kick only, or whether the author of the curriculum was sure that side kicks are knife kicks and yet was not fluent with Hebrew terminology of the human body naming the pinky finger strike as a side kick].

DEFENSE VS. ATTACK
1. Defense with Backward Body Tilt Combined with forward kick with the left leg and attack with the right leg.[Sounds like defense vs. knife slash combined with front kick and switching cross leg front kick].
2. Defense with side tilt combined with left leg Knife Kick[Side Kick which could only be defensive kick to the legs]and attack with the right leg[This attack with the right leg can only be done efficiently with a backward Vertical Axe kick].
3. Defense vs. Attack from the Front with Defensive Kicks with the left foot combined with Drop Punch and Cross Straight Punching Combinations and an Attack Kick with the right leg [The kick with the leg is only logical if the attacker did not get punched and retreated].

KICKS.
1. Regular Kick Upward with a Jump[Jumping Front Kick].
2. Roundhouse Kick.
3. Roundhouse Kick with the right leg combined with a Roundhouse Kick with the Left Leg(Switching Kicks).
4. Regular Front Kick Forward with the left foot and Roundhouse Kick with the Right Foot(Switching Kicks).
5. Body Tilt with backward step with a Knife Kick [Side Block Kick] with the Left Leg combined with regular front kick with the right leg and a Roundhouse Kick with the Left Leg.
[It seems that the last three Kicking Drills attempt to mechanically drill students in tactical proficiency and follow up Retzef (Fluid) attack Combinations. But part against non resisting opponent, part illogical continuing and part incomplete explanations do not achieve the precise need for students familiarity and readiness to deal with opponent's 360 degree optimal possibilities. Instead the sequential use of arms and legs according to the distance (that can be closed by the defender and opened by the attacker)in the chain of defense should be drilled in realistic directions of follow up motion which is left right or backwards because the defender should always move forward].

SACRIFICES [SUTEMI]
1. Self Sacrifice[Sutemi]
2. Self Sacrifice with Repeated Roll[Sutemi ending with sitting on top of the opponent with a choke].

BOXING WITH TRAINING PARTNERS.

FALLS AND SPECIAL BREAKFALLS

ROLLOVERS
1. Rollover to the left side.
2. Rollover to the right side.
3. Rollover with hovering.

SPECIAL OUTSIDE AND INSIDE DEFENSIVE DRILLS
1. Outside Defense No. 3 (The defense is not to the finish, but a short and quick one), plus attack with the same hand without turning the hand (once with the left and once with the right).[This is done with closed fist, and once the deflection occurred you shift the weight forward in the best way you can as you punch forward. It's probably not a KO strike as the distance is too close and you can't ensure maximum acceleration and weight shift in the optimal way. But who knows, there is a very slim chance...]
2. Inside defense with the forearm with attack with the same hand ( in this drill the defense is not done to the end).

BLUE BELT
DEFENSES VS. ATTACK FROM THE FRONT:
1. Defense vs. Straight Punches left and right combination with backward torso tilt and defense with the left hand and attack with the right hand[scooping the cross punch after retracting the torso, bringing ti down and punching with the cross hand.]
2. Outside Defense No. 5 or 2. against straight punch forward with the left hand(or the right)with advance and a knife hand strike counter.
3. Defense against the Cross straight Punch or a left punch with advancing with the left foot, defense with the left foot and attack with Osotogari[leg sweep]..
4. Defense against the cross straight punch or the left straight punch with advance with the right foot and block with the left hand and strike to the testicles with the right hand, or osotogari or deashibarai for counter attack.[Does not makes any sense. Must be a type and advance should be with the left foot forward instead of the right].
5. Defense against a punching with advance with advance with advance and a punch(timing).[That is stupid. Does that mean that all prior defenses were done from the spot without advance?]
6. Defense against a pull from behind pivoting the arm and the body backward where as the arm is raised and the other arm is attacking with a straight punch forward.
7. Defense against a body hold[bear hug] from the front and head throw with falling forward with the attacker and on him. [Looks like it meant for a hip throw with the arm over behind the attacker's head before he completely grabbed your body].(kids do not execute the fall, but just the throw0.

DEFENSE VS. KICKS
1. Defense against a left kick with a side step and forward regular front kick with the right leg. During the side step we execute left punch forward.[ A right handed person would be more comfortable moving to the left and it fits the counter attack with the fist and a kick can be followed if the attacker retreats, otherwise this whole paragraph is confusing].
2. Defense against a right kick and a straight kick punch forward.
a. Side step with catching of the arm and a hook punch.
b. Side step and a stomp to the concave area of the knee.
c. Side Step and Dashibarai, or Osotogari.
[It is a list of techniques indeed. From experience and applying Immi's Krav Maga principles and the formula of drilling limited techniques that can resolve the problems to the largest range of people to the weakest defender possible making life much easier to those who are stronger but can be efficient as those that have more necessity to be more efficient, the tactical gem in this drill is the assumption that if the attacker is in the kicking range you must respond to the greater danger of getting kicked before he is close enough to pose a punching danger. The side step and kick to the side of the knee is the principle of the toreador hotzone tactical entry of Pure Krav Maga. Most people can do it. Deashibarai and Osotogari translate from Japanese to English as a leg sweep and a leg throw. In Krav Maga a small person might find it difficult to do it. In addition wanting to create damage to ensure the attacker is not going to get up and come back at you, its best to execute a head manipulation and smash his head to the ground in the same move. This is not explained here- therefore its not Krav Maga, but just a civilian style of horsing around. As for side step and catching the arm, the tactical idea is the same. If you manage to timely move out of the kick, you are not in the direction of the follow up punch either, and you can simply grab the sleeve so you can take the opponent out of balance disturbing him from further attacking you and counter attack him. However, the side stepping must be explained in detail to make it efficient. you need to start with circular hip motion that propels your body to move in a circular motion to the side yet keeping yourself close to the attacker's line of attack. Use of the arm extended straight down and forward in the prior learned inside defense vs. kicks is a more advisable way to synchronize your reactions. This method above, is perhaps slightly less efficient].

SACRIFICES:
Self sacrifice with grabbing of the arms[sutemi].

DEFENSE VS. TWO OR THREE
1. Defense vs. Two people one grabs your right hand and the other your left hand.
a. Knife kick with the right foot and regular front kick with the right foot.
b. Regular front kick with the right foot and regular front kick with the right foot( The kick is aimed once to the man on the right and once for the man on the left).[Great for non resisting opponents].
c. Regular front kick with the left leg and regular front kick with the right leg.
2. Defense vs. Three People , one grabs your right hand and one grabs your left hand and one approaches from the front.
a. Upon commencement you must attack the one that comes from the front, with a front kick, and continue with the variety of possibilities aforementioned above to attack the other two.

KICKS:
1. Roundhouse kick to the back against an attack.[Probably full turn roundhouse of more precisely full turn horizontal axe kick.
2. Jumping Kicks with the right leg and the left leg.
3. Knife Kick with the top of the foot diagonally upward to the chin. [ The only reason why its good to acquaintance this high kicks with students is so they expect it as an option when being attacked. You would not want to risk attacking above the centerbody as if the attacker grabs your leg you cannot regain your balance.]

ESCAPES WHILE LYING:
1. Escape from wrists grab lying down.
2. Escape from chokes, lying down, sitting, and standing.

SHORT STICK(DEFENSES):
1. Defense vs. short stick with the forearm against the forearm.
2. Defense vs. Short Stick with the left arm, catching the attacker's arm with straight punch counter or a hammerfist from the top.
3. Defense vs. Short Stick horizontal down blow. The defense is with the left hand and grabbing the attacker's hand with the left hand(between the arm to the forearm)and a counter strike with the right hand.

LONG STICK (DEFENSES):
1. Defense vs. Long Stick - topdown blow.
a. With the forearm against the forearm.
b. With the forearm against the stick.
2. Defense vs. Long Stick - Slanted strike from the topdown.
3. Defense vs. Long Stick - Horizontal blow from the side.
a. With the forearm against the forearm.
b. With the forearm against the Stick.
c. With the foot against the stick.

KNIFE:
1. Teaching of the Various Stabs:
a. Hook Stab to the Rib or Clavicle Stab to the Carotid Artery from standing and with advance.
b. Stomach Stab
c. Slash
d. Straight Stab.
( You need to teach how to hold the knife with each of the holds accordingly)

DEFENSES VS. KNIFE HOLDS[In Pure Krav Maga which is revised Original Krav Maga where needed to be to ensure it followed all of Immi Lichtenfeld principles, since there are non efficient methods of attack which involve variety of holds for each direction of attack, the hold itself is not the only factor in expecting the direction of attack and choice of the right technique but rather the height and angle instead.]

1. Defense against a regular hold(topdown).
a. Front Regular Kick followed with a hammer strike, or an additional kick.
b. Front Kick forward followed with a knee kick.
2. Defense vs. a knife for a stomach stab.[The definition here describes the target and not the hold but it meant to describe the hold.]
a. Defense with the forearm against the hand with the knife followed with a forward punch.
b. Defense with the forearm against the hand with the knife followed with side step or a jump with a straight punch.
c. Defense with a kick to the chin.
3. Defense vs. Knife Hold for a Straight Stab:
a. With a Front Regular Kick to any direction of the body.[This is very vague proposal. It works against a stupid inefficient opponent. It also works if the opponent retreats fearing you will attack him.
b. Knife Kick to the Knee. [If you are standing on the side it might work; If you are standing in front, it will be too weak and the attacker can follow up with a second stab; In addition if the attacker is efficient and alert it will probably not work if you are standing in front! Think that a large knife with the arm is at least equal to the length of your leg but easier and faster to drive and the attacker can advance first and aim to your direction after.]
c. Knife kick of Straight kick to the armpit.[that is if the attacker missed the target while his arm holding the knife is still extended. - Not a great option against a proficient attacker].
d. Defense with the forearm(with the left hand against the right and the right hand against the left).
4. Defense vs. a stack with a low standing position.
a. Hand over the head and walking forward.
5. Defense Knife Hold for a Slash from the top:
a. Kick
b. Outside Defense No. 2 with the left hand, grabbing the hand and a straight punch forward.[This is not practiced in Pure Krav Maga, since an efficient slash will counter this type of defense].
6. Defense vs. Knife Hold for Horizontal Slash from the side:
a. Kick.
b. With the help of a handkerchief. [Body tile backwards evading the first slash and blocking the second attempt with counter attack is the proper method but not listed in this syllabus].

7. Defense vs. a Hook stab and a Clavicle Stab.[topdown hold]:
a. Getting down to the ground creating a leverage on the legs with the legs.[Probably someone screwed up with this syllabus because Immi is shown if Military Photos way before the creation of this syllabus to block the forearm of the arm attacking with the knife and swinging it in front to foil both a clavicle and a hook stabs including feints at the same time].
8. Defense vs. Knife with all the Holding Methods.[This is a drill to learn how to identify and make a judgment for fluid action as needed-without drilling it, the techniques are worthless as the mind and body are yet not programmed in swift proper response].
a. With throwing of a handkerchief or any other object.[It seems like my previous comment was not intended in this context of civilian Krav Maga].

KNIFE VS. KNIFE:
1. Knife vs. Knife with regular hold countering with straight stab.
2. Knife vs. Knife with Stomach Stab Hold, countering with a wrist slash of the attacking arm, and a straight stab forward, or a slash upward and a straight forward stab[With proper execution of this technique the follow up counter must be a counter slash and not a straight stab].
3. Defense vs. a Slash Knife Hold, Slash of the attacker's wrist of the attacking arm countering with a straight stab or a slash.[Again whoever typed this syllabus has no clue of the proper techniques drilled against proper slashes.- Body Tilt backwards evading the first slash and countering with a stab but not a slash because after retracting from the body tilt you are not ready yet to twist your body for a slash and you must hurry up before the attacker wills slash you again!]
4. Defense against a straight stab, with slashing the wrist of the attacking arm following up with a straight stab forward.
5. Knife Sparring.

PISTOL:
1. Defense vs. Pistol Threat from the Front two methods
2. Defense vs. Pistol Threat from the Side, two methods.
3. Defense vs. Pistol Threat from the Back, with advance and without advance.

DEFENSE VS. RIFLE WITH A BAYONET
1. With the Forearm of the right hand and a Kick with the left leg.
2. With the forearm of the Right hand following a forearm neck takedown.

DEFENSE WITH A RIFLE WITH A BAYONET VS, A RIFLE WITH A BAYONET
1. With the rifle's butt countering with bayonet slash.
2. With the Barrel and forward stab.

BROWN BELT
In Brown Belt we are moving to attacks and Sparring

[In order to properly drill self defense one must drill most efficient forms of attack to have an available challenging training partners to drill self defense. This is also one of the crucial thing neglected in Civilian Krav Maga]

ATTACK WITH KICKS:
With attacks it is preferable to base it on kicks because the leg is longer than the arm, and there is a possibility to reach further into the target. [Just measured my drop punch range as 33 Inches with torso lean forward and rear leg lifted to balance the reach passing the target 5 inches, and the front kick passing the target 5 inches with distance from base leg of 39 Inches(6 Inches Longer) But if you have a 6 Inch Knife you better forget about kicking!]

1. Attack with Defensive kick[The intention is for a center body kick - a heart Stomp Kick with the heel]combined with two fists with straight punches forward -both are executed at the same time[The intention is for the arms to form a triangle over the head to deflect any coming attack while kicking as you burst with the attack forward].
2. Attack with a Defensive Kick Combined with two fists[same as above]combined with a back hand strike to the right followed by a front kick and a hammerfist punch.[The intention is to follow up the opponent that is evading your attack and moving forward from your right side to counter attack you. It is a counter to counter tactic.]
3. Front kick with the right leg and a roundhouse kick with the left leg(Jumping/Switching)[only good if the attacker is moving forward to your left after evading your first kick which is very unlikely].
4. Rounhouse kick with the right leg and a straight front kick with the left leg(Jumping and Switching).

JUMPING KICKS
1. Attack with a Jumping Kick, Catching the Shirt and a Knife hand Strike or a hammer fist strike from the top downwards.
2. Attack with a front Jumping Kick with the left leg combined with kicking with the right leg during the jump combined with a knife hand strike or a hammerfist strike or any strike from the top downwards.
3. All the methods of kicking with Jumping:
a. Jumping on the Left Leg and Kicking with the Left Leg.
b. Jumping on the Left Leg and Kicking with the Right Leg.
c. Jumping on the Right Leg and Kicking with the Right Leg.
d. Jumping on the Right Leg and Kicking with the Left Leg.
e. Jumping on the Right Leg and Kicking Knife Kick[Side Kick]with the left leg.
f. Jumping on the Right Leg and Kicking Knife Kick[Side Kick]with the Right Leg.
g. Jumping on the left leg and kicking a knife kick with the right leg.
h. Jumping on the right leg and kicking a knife kick with the right leg.
i. Jumping on the left leg and kicking a knife kick with the left leg.

ROUNDHOUSE KICKS BACKWARDS:
1. Roundhouse Kick Backwards uppercut with the heel[vertical upward axe kick]
2. Advance with the left foot forward diagonally to the right and full turn roundhouse with the heel(we must turn the body with the kick). [ This is a defensive tactic to get out of the way and attack the front of the attacker or his side according to the ending distance.]
3. Evasion of a front punch by pivoting the torso as you drop it down, and kicking the opponent in a backwards roundhouse kick, following with a back hand strike and two kicks forward.
4. Advance with attack of a regular kick backwards.[Vertical upward axe kick with advance as you start from a side stance crossing your base leg behind the kicking leg and pivoting your torso from the side to the back before you kick].
5. Attack with advance with defensive kick backwards[same method of advance as before, only execute a horse kick].
6.Attack with advance with a horizontal axe kick backwards[Same method of advance with a swing of the axe kick].

ATTACK WITH ADVANCE:
1. Advance with the left leg behind the right leg and attack against the left right combination with both hands forward whereas the right hand executes outside defense No.3, and the left hand is executing outside defense No. 3, with grabbing and a knee kick to the groin. [I think they meant heel short kick to the groin].
GENERAL - In Brown Belt we must know to execute Sparring, Attacks, Boxing, and Minimal Knowledge in Short Stick.


BLACK BELT
Here we execute Artistic Drills, Sentry Removal, and Various Chokes.

ARMLOCKS:
1. Escape from a grab from behind by creating a leverage on one of the arms with a quick turn or a jump and a strong pull backwards by creating a leverage on the hand.
2. Leverage on the hand with crossing, on the ground(the attacker is lying on his stomach).
3. Defense from a topdown strike, grabbing the hand at the wrist and creating leverage on the , elbow with the second hand.
a. Creating the leverage and walking diagonally backwards (Ikkyo)
b. Creating the leverage and walking forward ( Carousel)

ESCAPES FROM SHIRT GRAB AND CHOKES:
1. Escape form a shirt grab with both hands.
2. Escape from a shirt grab with leverage using the back of the head under the arms and creating leverage on the hand. [Now why would Black Belt Resort into tactically dangerous clowning drills that might work against a stupid non resisting opponent that just grabs you without a purpose?]
3. Escape from a front choke with both hands:
a. With turning the wrist of one of the hands and creating a leverage on one of the hands.
b. Escape with the shoulder creating leverage on one of the hands.
(Before all the chokes and body holds(bear hugs)from the front you need to create a scenario that the person that wants to grab you will not be able to do it.)[I think the idea is that its better to stop someone before he grabs you if possible].

SENTRY REMOVAL:
1. Sentry Removal with the forearm.
2. Headbutt from the back and pulling of the ankles from the back.
3. Sentry Removal from the Side with the Forearm, and the Arm(Side Reach)
4. Commando Sentry Removal with a Knife.
5. Sentry Removal with a Knife with Arab Knife Hold.
6. Sentry Removal with a knife with a straight hold ( The stab is diagonally from the bottom upward)
7. Sentry Removal with a rope.
8. Sentry Removal with a Rope with Crossing(Hanging).

CHOKES:
1. Choke with the Thumbs and Breaking the Windpipe.
2. Choke with one Thumb.
3. Choke with pressure with the knuckles.[Not sure if the meaning is from the back with the fingertips to break the windpipe or with holding the garment and choking the carotid arteries.


KNIFE SPARRING; BOXING WITH PARTNERS; JUDO RANDORI 

[It seems that at the time for Immi's it was satisfactory that a civilian student will gain experience in the taste of impact and push and pull with separate Judo sparring and Boxing Sparring as combining them together could be too much and out of control to the non experienced instructor. However, hand to hand combat, is not a sport not boxing and not judo, and should not be drilled as such. At the same token although it is dangerous drilling it in slow motion is not a good excuse. It must be drilled by an experienced instructor in a modified way that you drill the combat sports to facilitate the most efficient split second control of the opponent with constant threat of death sensation for both attacker role and defender role with the logical applied and proved in sparring to provide real time confidence building.]

In Black Belts we must know all the matter proficiently.

Krav Maga Syllabus of the Original Civilian Krav Maga Association.
The Krav Maga we divide to two: Self Defense and Hand to Hand Combat!
1. Self Defense includes the white belts through the Blue Belts
2. Hand to Hand Combat includes the Brown and Black Belts.
3. There is minimum time in which the student must attend intensive training. between one belt to another:
a. Yellow Belt four Months
b. Orange Belt six Months.
c. Green Belt eight Months.
d. Blue Belt twelve Months.
e. Brown Belt twelve Months.
f. Black Belt 12 Months
4. In regards to ranks above black belt like 1st Dan and 2nd Dan, etc:
a. The owner of a Krav Maga Black Belt who instructs in intensive format for a period of seven years is entitled to receive another Dan.
b. The owner of a Krav Maga Black Belt who in addition own a Black Belt in one of the additional professions: Aikido, Judo, karate, is entitled to receive another Dan.
c. The owner of any belt in Krav Maga which have reached the Black Belt in krav Maga, and won in anytime a national championship in the following professions: Judo, Karate, Boxing, Wrestling, or any other Combat Sport, is entitled to receive another Dan!
d. The owner of a Krav Maga Black Belt with knowledge and intensive training in the various combat professions like Judo, karate, Aikido, Boxing, and Wrestling, and which also intensively trains in Krav Maga, is entitles to another Dan.
5. The owner of any Belt in Krav Maga must attach a 3 centimeter wide white stripe (Square stripe) to the edge of the belt.
6. The owner of a Blue Belt which took the Instructor Course, must mark inside the white stripe on is belt a blue circle which designates him as an instructor in Self Defense.
7. Every Brown Belt who passed the Instructor's Course must place on the white stripe of his belt a blue circle to designate him as an instructor in Self Defense.
8. The owner of a Brown Belt(probably a typo error meant to be a Black Belt) who passed the Instructor's Course must mark on his belt's white square a brown circle designating him as a hand to hand combat instructor.
9. A person who is entitled to instruct self defense, must have a blue belt with the addition of Instructor Certificate approved by the Wingate Institute for Physical Fitness.
a. The owner of a Blue Belt is entitled to test up to two ranks less than his own rank meaning up to Orange Belt.
b. The owner of a Brown Belt is entitled up to Green Belt - two ranks below his own rank.
c. The owner of a Black Belt is entitled to test up to Blue Belt - two ranks below his own rank.
d. The examinations for the owners of the Brown and Black Belts will be performed only by the Rank Committee, which is also the Krav Maga Committee. In the Rank Committee there must be a minimum of two people with the rank of a black belt!


The Pure Krav Maga Five Day Training Curriculum is equivalent to a day of training to a year of Civilian Krav Maga Watered Down Training, in covering the intended material.  In results of forcing students to acquire comprehensive realistic self defense skills, the Pure Krav Maga Curriculum Training is Second to None!




Watch the complete Israel Defense Forces Original Krav Maga 21 Hour Curriculum: